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White Wine

White wine is usually made from white grapes but can also be produced from red grapes where minimal contact with the grape skins is allowed to take place. Such wines are known as blanc de noirs in French. The grapes are de-stemmed and crushed before being pumped into a wine press to squeeze out all the juice. The juice is then clarified before being moved into vats to ferment.

Maceration, contact with the skins, with white grapes is uncommon and only used when a winemaker wishes to extract flavour compounds from the skins. This is called a cold soak and is only ever implemented for a few hours unlike the much longer soak given to many red wines to extract both colour and tannins. Macerated white wines have a deeper colour and a higher polyphenol content. Highly aromatic grape varieties such as Sauvignon Blanc, Viognier and Riesling gain the most from this technique.

Many wine regions produce great white wines but the more famous tend to come from the Loire valley, Burgundy and Bordeaux in France. Key white grape varieties include Chardonnay, Sauvignon Blanc, Chenin Blanc, Sémillon and Riesling. There are many more all of which have distinctive characteristics.

Dry white table wines fall into three main taste categories: Light & crisp, fruity & supple and full-bodied whites.

Light and crisp whites provide easy drinking. These are refreshing and floral with fruity notes but with little in the way of complexity. Maçon-Villages, Bourgogne Aligoté, Petit Chablis and Apremont fall into this category. Best drunk with simple dishes but also with fried fish, oysters, mussels, and charcuterie. It is unlikely that these wines will age well so drink young. Serve at 8°C.

Fruity and supple white wines are fresh and full of fruit, quite often with citrus notes. Wines from Chablis, Pouilly-Fumé, Pouilly-Fuissé, Graves and Sancerre are good examples. They usually go well with shellfish, many seafood dishes, cheeses and charcuterie.

Full-bodied whites have the most complexity and class. Rich and creamy still with a lovely freshness, these wines tend to be matured in oak casks where they pick up notes of vanilla and toast. Many great wines are in this category including Meursault, Chablis Premier & Grand Crus, Corton-Charlemagne, Puligny-Montrachet and Montrachet from Burgundy as well as wines from Pessac-Léognan in Bordeaux. Well-suited to high-end dining these wines are perfect with lobster, delicate fish, white meats, creamy sauces and creamy cheeses to name a few. Serve a little warmer than the others at 10-14°C.

  1. Terroirs de Courgis Patrick Piuze, Chablis, 2013

    Terroir de Courgis Patrick Piuze, Chablis, 2013

    Patrick Piuze makes fabulous Chablis and the 2013 Terroir de Courgis is a pale golden colour with a tropical fruit nose and a touch of yeasty bread aromas.

    Details
    Colour White Wine
    Grape Variety Chardonnay
    Country France

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  2. Clotilde Davenne, Chablis, 2012

    Clotilde Davenne, Chablis, 2012

    Classic Chablis in a clean, fruit-driven style with no oak whatsoever with a layer of minerality as befits this appellation.

    Details
    Colour White Wine
    Grape Variety Chardonnay
    Country France

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  3. La Pucelle Domaine Roux, Saint-Aubin, 2011

    La Pucelle Domaine Roux, Saint-Aubin, 2011

    White Burgundy from the Côte de Beaune with tropical fruit, peach and a hint of cinnamon spice.

    Details
    Colour White Wine
    Grape Variety Chardonnay
    Country France

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  4. 'Les Sarres' Domaine Rijckaert, Côtes du Jura, 2009

    'Les Sarres' Domaine Rijckaert, Côtes du Jura, 2009

    A delicious Chardonnay from the less well-known Côtes du Jura region in eastern France made by wine-maker Jean Rijkaert

    Details
    Colour White Wine
    Grape Variety Chardonnay
    Country France

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  5. Maison Nicolas Potel, Auxey-Duresses Blanc, 2006

    Maison Nicolas Potel, Auxey-Duresses Blanc, 2006

    A light gold white Burgundy boasting citrus, orange and fresh almond with a stylish bouquet. The good attack on the palate develops delicious floral, nut and mineral flavours.

    Details
    Colour White Wine
    Grape Variety Chardonnay
    Country France

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  6. Jean-Paul Brun, Beaujolais Blanc Classique, 2014

    Jean-Paul Brun, Beaujolais Blanc Classique, 2014

    Deliciously crisp Chardonnay with great minerality, texture and fruit definition. This is a terrific wine to drink on its own as a superior apéritif or with lighter cuisine.

    Details
    Colour White Wine
    Grape Variety Chardonnay
    Country France

    Out of stock

  7. Petit Chablis, Patrick Piuze, 2012

    Petit Chablis, Patrick Piuze, 2012

    Patrick Piuze's Petit Chablis is made from hand-picked grapes sourced on the plateau above the grand cru hill, which overlooks the small town of Chablis, from a specific site known as La Petite Preuses.

    Details
    Colour White Wine
    Grape Variety Chardonnay
    Country France

    Out of stock

  8. Vaillons 'Les Minots' Vieilles Vignes Patrick Piuze, Chablis 1er Cru, 2011

    Vaillons 'Les Minots' Vieilles Vignes Patrick Piuze, Chablis 1er Cru, 2011

    A wonderful premier cru Chablis from a young master of the area. Try Patrick's wines to see what makes the critics enthuse so much.

    Details
    Colour White Wine
    Grape Variety Chardonnay
    Country France

    Out of stock

  9. Maison Nicolas Potel, Chablis 1er Cru, 2009

    With grapes picked by hand from only Premier Cru vineyards, this is a simply delicious premier cru Chablis from the 2009 vintage, pure and fresh, with rich, complex aromas starting to resemble those of a grand cru vineyard. The nose has lovely buttery notes along with grapefruit and orange peel.

    Details
    Colour White Wine
    Grape Variety Chardonnay
    Country France

    Out of stock

  10. Jean-Paul Brun, Beaujolais Blanc Classique, 2011

    Jean-Paul Brun, Beaujolais Blanc Classique, 2011

    This delicious Chardonnay shows that Jean-Paul Brun's efforts with with this grape rival those of many a more prestigious Burgundian appellation. His un-oaked Beaujolais Blanc Classique is a match for the best Macon Villages.

    Details
    Colour White Wine
    Grape Variety Chardonnay
    Country France

    Out of stock

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