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Red Wine

Fine Red Wine

Making red wine is relatively simple in theory. However, it does require great skill and care. As with all wine, the basic concept is the conversion of the sugary must from the grapes into alcohol. As 99% of the actual grape juice is clear, red wine requires maceration to attain its colour.

Maceration is the process where the harvested grapes are crushed and moved to thermo-regulated vats. Here tannins, flavour compounds and colouring agents that come from the skin, seeds and stems of the grape dissolve and integrate themselves in the juice giving it flavour and colour while the juices ferment to produce wine. The depth of the colour depends on the grape variety and the length of maceration.

The world’s most prolific red grape varieties are Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Pinot Noir, Syrah (also known as Shiraz) as well as Nebbiolo in Italy and Tempranillo in Spain, but there are many others. Each grape has its own flavour and characteristics and often you will encounter blends which bring together the properties of different grapes to create a wine which is much greater than the sum of its parts.

Historically, the best red wines in the world come from the regions of Bordeaux, Burgundy and the Rhône Valley in France, Piedmont and Tuscany in Italy and Rioja in Spain. Today, this holds true for the traditionalist, but the New World reds certainly have their following of connoisseurs.

Red wines tend to fall in to 5 categories: ‘Light and fruity’, ‘medium-bodied and fruity’, ‘full-bodied and fruity’, ‘complex and tannic’ and ‘complex and elegant’.

Light and fruity reds are generally considered as easy-drinking wines. They have a tendency to be crisp with light tannins and notes of soft fruits and flowers. Beaujolais, generic Burgundies, Zinfandels and Valpolicellas of Italy fall into this category amongst others. Generally they go well with simple foods in particular charcuterie, quiche and pizza. Serve at 12-14°C.

Medium-bodied and fruity red wines have stronger tannins and a heavier feel on the tongue with aromas of red fruits and hints of spice. They tend to not have been aged in oak. These wines include Bergerac, generic Bordeaux, Côte du Rhône, Chianti from Italy and Penedès from Spain. They would drink well alongside meat dishes in a sauce, smaller game, pâté and roasted meats. Serve at 15-17°C.

Full-bodied and fruity reds tend to have high alcohol content and plenty of tannins, partly due to maturation in oak barrels, which will soften with age to produce exceptional wine. These wines are complex and bear strong aromas of ripe, dark fruits and spice. Key examples here are wines from Saint-Emilion and Pomerol as well as Châteauneuf-du-Pape, Cahors, Rioja, and Shiraz wines from Australia. Wines as complex and deep as these go well with rich and fatty dishes for example grilled/roasted red meat, duck confit, foie gras and game. Serve at 15-17°C.

Complex and tannic reds tend to be more expensive. Their heavy tannins will age and produce firm wines with great finesse. Red and black fruits and spicy undertones are prominent with vanilla and toasty notes as new oak is likely to have been used. Full flavours and beautiful finishes are common in this bracket. Here you will find all the famous sub-regions of Bordeaux as well as Côte-Rôtie, Hermitage, Barolo from Italy and a few new world Cabernet Sauvignons. These powerful reds go well with rich but not too fatty dishes such as game and roast lamb; they also partner well with truffles. Serve at 15-17°C.

Complex and elegant red wines. This select and elite group is reserved for the best of Burgundy. All from the Pinot Noir variety, these exceptional wines are very rare and highly priced, sometimes phenomenally expensive. These are complex wines with aromas of red and black berries, floral notes with hints of game and undergrowth (sous-bois in French). They are silky on the palate with a long and memorable finish. Wines from Chambolle-Musigny, Morey-St-Denis, Gevrey-Chambertin, Beaune and of course Vosne-Romanée are amongst the great Burgundies in this category. Dishes should be chosen well with these special wines and will be different for each. Usually slow-cooked food and roasts make good matches. Serve at 16-17°C.

  1. Château Feytit Clinet, Pomerol, 2002

    Château Feytit Clinet, Pomerol, 2002

    A bargain price for a fine Pomerol, wines from neighbouring properties sell for 3 times as much. Buy this before prices go through the roof!

    Details
    Colour Red Wine
    Grape Variety Bordeaux Blend Red
    Country France

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  2. Chateau La Croix-Toulifaut, Pomerol, 2000

    Chateau La Croix-Toulifaut, Pomerol, 2000

    A good quality Pomerol from what was a very good year in this small Bordeaux appellation.

    Details
    Colour Red Wine
    Grape Variety Bordeaux Blend Red
    Country France

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  3. Château Tour du Pas St Georges, St-Georges-St-Êmilion, 2007

    Château Tour du Pas St Georges, St-Georges-St-Êmilion, 2007

    A wine to enjoy rather than lay-down, this is a well-rounded wine with very nice ripe fruit and tannins.

    Details
    Colour Red Wine
    Grape Variety Bordeaux Blend Red
    Country France

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  4. Château Vieux-Sarpe, St Emilion Grand Cru, 2005

    Château Vieux-Sarpe, St Emilion Grand Cru, 2005

    Château Vieux-Sarpe made a very good wine in 2005 which still has plenty of life left in it.

    Details
    Colour Red Wine
    Grape Variety Bordeaux Blend Red
    Country France

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  5. Couvent des Jacobins, Saint Emilion Grand Cru

    Couvent des Jacobins, Saint Emilion Grand Cru

    From an old wine estate situated on the outskirts of St. Emilion. It gained grand cru status in 2006 at the same time that its name was changed to Clos des Jacobins.

    Details
    Colour Red Wine
    Grape Variety Bordeaux Blend Red
    Country France

    £29.99

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  6. La Closerie de Fourtet, Saint-Emilion Grand Cru, 2009

    La Closerie de Fourtet, Saint-Emilion Grand Cru, 2009

    Still quite young this really needs 1-2 hours decanting to show its best at the moment but waiting for it to open up is time well spent.

    Details
    Colour Red Wine
    Grape Variety Bordeaux Blend Red
    Country France

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  7. Château Berliquet, Saint Emilion Grand Cru, 2005

    Château Berliquet, Saint Emilion Grand Cru, 2005

    2005 was a very good year in St. Emilion and this is a lovely, well-priced example.

    Details
    Colour Red Wine
    Grape Variety Bordeaux Blend Red
    Country France

    Out of stock

  8. Château Faurie de Souchard, Saint-Emilion Grand Cru Classé, 1969

    Château Faurie de Souchard, Saint-Emilion Grand Cru Classé, 1969

    Château Faurie de Souchard is a grand cru classé from the Saint Emilion appellation located near Libourne.

    Details
    Colour Red Wine
    Grape Variety Bordeaux Blend Red
    Country France

    £12.00

    Out of stock

  9. Château Grand Corbin-Despagne, Saint-Emilion, 2006

    Château Grand Corbin-Despagne, Saint-Emilion, 2006

    Château Grand Corbin-Despagne, 2006, is a deep purple wine from Saint Emilion exhibiting sweet blue and blackberry fruit entwined with notes of liquorice, camphor and flowers.

    Details
    Colour Red Wine
    Grape Variety Bordeaux Blend Red
    Country France

    Out of stock

  10. Château L'Enclos, Pomerol, 2003

    Château L'Enclos, Pomerol, 2003

    A soft and approachable Pomerol which is still showing a good level of fruit. Very good value red Bordeaux.

    Details
    Colour Red Wine
    Grape Variety Bordeaux Blend Red
    Country France

    Out of stock

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